Wellhead Protection Plan
Section 5. Public Education and Participation
Management activities adopted in the WHPA by the City of Norfolk
will be implemented by several entities to protect the city’s
drinking water supply through education of the residents.
Madison County and the City of Norfolk will implement this Plan
through zoning overlays in their respective jurisdictions.
Lower Elkhorn NRD will be an active participant through their many
programs for managing water resources.
We will acquire wellhead protection signs place around the WHPA.
These signs will be placed on the perimeters of the WHPA and will
inform the public that they are entering a WHPA. The City has
held wellhead protection public meetings to discuss the program, and
will participate in the Groundwater Festival held annually in
The City web site
www.ci.norfolk.ne.us includes a Stormwater Management page that
will be expanded to include Wellhead Protection. This page
will become a Water Resources page that will encompass proper water
quality stewardship practices that impact both surface water and
Abandoned Well Closures
The City will coordinate and work with the Lower Elkhorn NRD to
close all abandoned wells as identified in the contaminant source
inventory. Cost share is available, with the NRD paying 75
percent of the abandoned well closure cost and Nebraska
Environmental Partnerships paying the other 25 percent.
Lower Elkhorn NRD Groundwater Management Area
The entire WHPA for Norfolk is included in the NRD’s Groundwater
Management Area. The NRD requires a permit before new wells
are drilled within the District.
Conservation Reserve Program
Meet with eligible rural landowners within the WHPA and encourage
them to enroll in the Natural Resources Conservation Service
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP).
Best Management Practices
Work with the Lower Elkhorn NRD and UN-L Cooperative Extension to
promote Best Management Practices (BMP) in rural WHPAs.
Ordinances and Zoning
Adopt City ordinances and zoning provisions applicable to the
WHPA such as:
- Adopt WHPA boundaries.
- Adopt set back distances for certain potential contaminant
sources from public supply wells.
- Prohibit new petroleum and agricultural chemical storage.
- Prohibit waste lagoons, waste storage, landfills, and
concentrated animal feeding operations.
The following brochures and publications provide information on
the services, projects, and associations involved in wellhead
protection/water quality issues.
- EPA 810-F-99-008, “Understanding the Safe Drinking Water
- The Groundwater Foundation, website pages
- “Overview of the Groundwater Guardian Program”
- “Learn About the Groundwater Guardian Program”
- “Plan for Taking Action”
- The Resource publications list for subject “Water
- Nebguide, “Best Management Practices for Agricultural
Pesticides to Protect Water Resources”
- Nebguide, “Rinsing Pesticide Containers”
- Conservation & Survey Division- website pages
- Madison County “Pesticides & Groundwater: An Applicator’s
Map & Guide to Prevent Groundwater Contamination” –map of soil
types and vulnerability to groundwater contamination & index of
pesticides with risk of groundwater contamination
- DEQ brochure, “Wellhead Protection and the continuous
sign-up Conservation Reserve Program”
- DEQ web link, Title 124, Chapter 17, “Abandonment of Septic
Tank & Lagoon Systems
- Nebraska Health & Human Services web info, “Guide to
Properly Decommissioning of Abandoned Wells”
brochures & flyers:
- “The Conservation Reserve Program-Continuous Sign-up for
High Priority Practices”
- “The Conservation Reserve Program-Innovation in
- “The Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program-Partnerships
that make the most of Farmland Conservation”
- Nebraska Corn Growers Assoc., “Best Management Practices”
Elkhorn NRD flyers:
- Conservation Reserve Program
- Filter Strip Buffers
- Riparian Buffers
- Grassed Waterways
- The Chemigation Act, Rules & Regulations
- Soil Sampling Program
- Free Irrigation Water Testing Program
- Sealing Abandoned Wells with the Lower Elkhorn NRD Cost
Environmental Partnerships Program,
- Abandoned Well Closure Program (Cost Share through local
Wellhead Protection Program Newsletters:
- Delineation of Wellhead Protection Areas (WHPAs)
- Contaminant Source Inventory
- Determination of Water Quality
- Testing Recommendations
- Groundwater Regulations and Wellhead Protection
- WHP Opportunities
- Nonpoint Source Contamination and Wellhead Protection
- Developing a Local Wellhead Protection Plan
- Booklet, “Wellhead Protection Plan Guidance”