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Norfolk, NE 68701
Phone: (402) 844-2000
 

Chapter 15

MOBILE HOMES AND MOBILE HOME PARKS*

*Editor’s note--Pursuant to R.R.S. 1943, 71-4630, the State Department of Health has exempted the city from the provisions of the Uniform Standard Code for Mobile Home Parks (R.R.S. 1943, 71-4621--71-4634).

Cross references--Extraterritorial jurisdiction of certain ordinances, § 1-11; buildings and building regulations, Ch. 6; planning and development, Ch. 19; water, sewers and sewage disposal, Ch. 26; zoning districts for mobile homes, §  27-71 et seq.

State law references--Uniform Code for Mobile Homes and Recreational Vehicles, R.R.S. 1943, 71-4601--71-4620; Uniform Standard Code for Mobile Home Parks, R.R.S. 1943, 71-4621--71-4634.

   
Art.     I. In General §§ 15-1--15-15
Art     II. Mobile Home Parks, §§ 15-16--15-55
    Div. 1. Generally, §§ 15-16--15-30
    Div. 2. Permit, §§ 15-31--15-50
    Div. 3. Improvements and Requirements, §§ 15-51--15-55
   
 

ARTICLE I.  IN GENERAL

Sec. 15-1.  Definitions. 

 

Whenever used in this chapter, unless a different meaning appears from the context, the following terms shall have the meaning herein prescribed:

 

Camper or travel trailer or motor home:  A vehicle or structure designed and constructed in such manner as will permit temporary occupancy as living and sleeping quarters as is primarily required during camping or vacation travels.  Such facility has identical characteristics to a “mobile home” in that it can be conveyed on the streets; however, in no way is it intended to become a residence.

 

Campground or trailer park:  Any plat of ground upon which a camper or travel trailer is located regardless of whether or not a charge is made for such accommodation.  However, such definition shall not include storage of one personal camper or travel trailer upon the property of the owner.

 

Dependent mobile home:  A mobile home which does not have a flush toilet and a bath or shower.

 

Independent mobile home:  A mobile home which has a flush toilet and a bath or shower.

 

Licensee:  Any person licensed to operate and maintain a mobile home park under the provisions of this chapter.

 

Mobile home:  A factory-assembled structure or structures equipped with the necessary service connections and made as to be readily movable as a unit or units on its (their) own running gear and designed to be used as a dwelling unit(s) without a permanent foundation.

 

Mobile home lot or mobile home space:  A designated portion of a mobile home park designed for the accommodation of one mobile home and its accessory buildings or structures for the exclusive use of the occupants.

 

Mobile home park:  A parcel or contiguous parcels of land which have been so designated and improved that it contains two (2) or more mobile home lots available to the general public for the placement thereon of mobile homes for occupancy.  The term shall not be construed to include mobile homes, buildings, tents or other structures temporarily maintained by any individual, corporation, company, or other entity on its own premises, and used exclusively to house its own labor force.

 

Multiple dwelling:  Any structure designed and intended to accommodate more than one family and includes, but is not limited to, duplex buildings, group houses and apartment buildings.

 

Natural or artificial barrier:  Any river, pond, canal, railroad, levee, embankment, fence or hedge.

 

Park:  A mobile home park.

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-1; Ord. No. 3058, 1(25), 3-1-82

State law reference--Definitions applicable to Uniform Standard Code for Mobile Home Parks, R.R.S. 1943, 71-4621.

 

Sec. 15-2.  Compliance.

 

It shall be unlawful for any person to park any mobile home on any street, public place or private property except as provided in this chapter. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-3(A)

 

Sec. 15-3.  Location restrictions for mobile homes.

 

(a)   No person shall park or occupy any mobile home on the premises of any dwelling, or on any lot which is not a part of the premises of any occupied dwelling, either of which is situated outside an approved mobile home park.

 

(b)   The parking of only one (1) unoccupied camper, travel trailer or motor home in an accessory private garage building, or in the side or rear yards of any district, is permitted, provided it does not obstruct the sight triangle of any street or no living quarters are maintained or any business practiced in said camper, travel trailer or motor home while so parked or stored.

 

(c)   Emergency or temporary stopping or parking of mobile homes on streets shall not exceed two and one-half (2 1/2) hours, subject to any other and further prohibitions, regulations or limitations imposed by the traffic and parking regulations for that street.

 

(d)   A special temporary parking permit may be issued by the council in cases of emergency or severe hardship.  Such a permit would allow parking of a mobile home, camper, travel trailer or motor home in an area other than mobile home parks for a reasonable amount of time only after an evaluation of need by the council, and then only after it has been determined by the health official or his designee, that water, gas, electrical and sewer facilities and connections are acceptable. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-3(B)(O); Ord. No. 3058, § 1(26), 3-1-82; Ord. No. 3859, § 12, 3-16-92

 

Sec. 15-4.  Anchoring, blocking, etc.

 

(a)   Ground anchors or tie downs shall be installed at each mobile home stand prior to or when a mobile home is located thereon in accordance with Part IV of the National Fire Protection Association manual 501A, 1981 Edition.

 

(b)   Blocking:  All mobile homes shall be blocked in accordance with Part IV of the National Fire Protection Association manual 501A, 1981 Edition.

 

(c)   No permanent foundation will be permitted under any mobile home.  All mobile homes will retain their mobility by leaving undercarriages and wheels intact and fastened to such home.

 

(d)   Each mobile home shall be skirted within thirty (30) days after placement by enclosing the open area under the unit with material that is compatible with the exterior finish of the mobile home. 

 

Source:  Code 1962 § 5-5-5

 

Sec. 15-5.  Inspections.

 

(a)   The health official or his designee is hereby authorized and directed to make such inspections as are necessary to determine satisfactory compliance with this chapter.  Subject to the restrictions imposed by law and to constitutional restrictions, the health official or his designee shall have the power to enter at reasonable times upon any private or public property for the purpose of inspecting and investigating conditions relating to the enforcement of this chapter.

 

(b)   It shall be the duty of every resident of a mobile home community to give the management thereof or his designated agent access to any part of such mobile home development at reasonable times for the purpose of making such repairs or alterations as are necessary to effect compliance with this chapter. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-18; Ord. No. 3859, § 13, 3-16-92

 

Sec. 15-6.  Violations.

 

In addition to the penalty provided for violations of the provisions of this Code, a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter shall be a nuisance which may be abated or enjoined by the city. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-23

Cross reference--Nuisances, Ch. 17.

 

ARTICLE II.  MOBILE HOME PARKS

DIVISION 1.  GENERALLY

Sec. 15-16.  General responsibilities of management.

 

(a)   In every mobile home park there shall be an office building in which shall be located the office of the person in charge of the park.  The owner, manager or agent shall be present at all times.  A copy of the park permit and of this chapter shall be posted therein and the park register shall at all times be kept in said office.

 

(b)   It is hereby made the duty of the attendant or person in charge, together with the permit, to:

 

(1)       Keep at all times the register of all occupants as hereinbefore provided.

 

(2)       Maintain the park in a clean, orderly and sanitary condition at all times.

 

(3)       See that the provisions of this chapter are complied with and enforced and report promptly to the proper authorities any violation of this chapter or any other violations of law which may come to his attention.

 

(4)       Prohibit the lighting of open fires on the premises. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-16

 

Sec. 15-17.  Compliance with other ordinances.

 

Mobile home parks shall comply with all ordinances of the city. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, §§ 5-5-10, 5‑5-11, 5-5-14

 

Sec. 15-18.  Applicability of building regulations.

 

All plumbing, electrical, building and other work on or at any park permitted under this chapter shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Code regulating such work unless said provisions are specifically made inapplicable under the terms of this chapter. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-17

 

Sec. 15-19.  Register of occupants.

 

(a)   It shall be the duty of each permit holder hereunder to keep a register containing a record of all mobile home owners and occupants located within the park.  The register shall contain the following information:

 

(1)       The name and address of each mobile home occupant.

 

(2)       The name and address of the owner of each mobile home.

 

(3)       The make, model and year of each mobile home.

 

(b)   The park shall keep the register available for inspection at all times by law enforcement officers, public health officials and other officials whose duties necessitate acquisition of the information contained in the register.  The register record for each occupant registered shall not be destroyed for a period of three (3) years following the date of departure of the registrant from the park. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-15

 

Sec. 15-20.  Single ownership.

 

Each mobile home park shall have a permit and be maintained as a single unit and the entire tract shall remain in single ownership. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-20

 

DIVISION 2.  PERMIT

Sec. 15-31.  Required.

 

It shall be unlawful for any person to establish, operate or maintain upon any property owned or controlled by him, a mobile home park without having first secured a permit therefor from the city, granted and existing in compliance with the terms of this chapter. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-4(A)

 

Sec. 15-32.  Application.

 

The application for a mobile home park permit or renewal thereof shall be made to the health official or his designee on printed forms furnished by the health official or his designee and shall include the name and address of the owner in fee of the tract; provided, however, if the fee is vested in some person other than the applicant, a duly verified statement by that person that the applicant is authorized by him to construct or maintain the mobile home park and make the application, and such a legal description of the premises upon which the park is or will be located as will readily identify and definitely locate the premises.  The application shall be accompanied by one (1) copy of the mobile home park plan showing the following, either existing or as proposed:

 

(1)       Name and address of applicant.

 

(2)       Legal description of the park.

 

(3)       Roadways and driveways.

 

(4)       Location of sites or units for trailer coaches.

 

(5)       Location and number of sanitary water, electrical and fuel hook-ups. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, 5-5-4(c); Ord. No. 3859, § 14, 3-16-92

 

Sec. 15-33.  Fee.

 

The application for a mobile home park permit or the renewal thereof shall be accompanied by a fee as set forth in Section 2-5 of this Code. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-4(B); Ord. No. 5135, § 10, 9-7-10

 

Sec. 15-34.  Issuance or denial.

 

A mobile home park permit shall not be issued or renewed for any park which does not comply with the provisions of this chapter.

 

Sec. 15-35.  Expiration and renewal.

 

Mobile home park permits shall expire December 31 of each year from their dates of issuance and may be renewed for additional periods of one year. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-4(A)

 

Sec. 15-36.  Plumbing or electrical work

 

Permits issued under the terms of this chapter convey no right to erect any building to do any plumbing work or to do any electrical work. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-4(E)

 

Sec. 15-37.  Pre-existing uses.

 

If the existing water and sewer system in mobile home parks constructed prior to July 10, 1977, ever fail and need to be replaced or if any additions, extensions or alterations are to be made, then the new systems must meet all provisions of the minimum requirements as set forth in this chapter, as well as of the Norfolk Plumbing Code, in order to retain or renew a mobile home park permit. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-2

 

Sec. 15-38.  Suspension or revocation.

 

(a)   Whenever the health official or his designee determines that there are reasonable grounds to believe that there has been a violation of any provision of this chapter, the health official or his designee shall give notice of such alleged violation to the person to whom the permit was issued as hereinafter provided.  Such notice shall:

 

(1)       Be in writing.

 

(2)       Include a statement for the reasons of this issuance.

 

(3)       Allow a reasonable time for the performance of any act it requires.

 

(4)       Contain an outline of remedial action which, if taken, will effect compliance with the provisions of this chapter.

 

Failure to comply with said notice within a reasonable period of time will result in suspension or revocation.

 

(b)   The suspension or revocation of the permit shall terminate and the permit issued or reissued as the case may be, upon proper application and upon the presentation of evidence sufficient to show that the deficiencies and the unsafe or unsanitary conditions requiring such denial, suspension or revocation have been corrected.

 

(c)   If and when the health official or his designee, upon inspection and investigation of a mobile home park, finds that an emergency exists which requires immediate action to protect the public health, he may, without notice or hearing, issue an order reciting the existence of such an emergency and requiring that such action be taken as he may deem necessary to meet the emergency, including the suspension of the permit.  Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, such order shall be effective immediately.  Any person to whom such an order is directed shall comply therewith immediately, but upon petition to the council shall be afforded a hearing as soon as possible. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-19; Ord. No. 3859, §§ 15, 16, 3-16-92

 

Sec. 15-39.  Appeals.

 

Should a person’s permit be denied, suspended or revoked he may request a hearing before the council within thirty (30) days after notification that the mobile home court permit has been denied, suspended or revoked.  On the basis of such hearing, the council shall affirm or revoke such action. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-19

 

DIVISION 3.  IMPROVEMENTS AND REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 15-51.  Water supply.

 

(a)   An accessible, adequate, safe and potable supply of water shall be provided to each mobile home lot.  The collection, treatment, storage and distribution systems of all mobile home parks shall be constructed, maintained and operated in accordance with all provisions of the Nebraska Safe Drinking Water Act.

 

(b)   Where an approved public water supply of satisfactory quantity, quality and pressure is available, connection shall be made thereto and its supply used exclusively.  Where an approved public water supply system is not available within a reasonable distance for extension to a mobile home development, a private water supply system shall be developed and constructed in accordance with plans approved by the state health department and the city, and in accordance with the rules, regulations and standards governing mobile home parks as promulgated by the state health department.

 

(c)   All mobile homes serviced by the city’s public water system shall be installed in accordance with the provisions of Article II of Chapter 26 of this Code. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-6

Cross reference--City water system, § 26-11 et seq.

State law reference--Nebraska Safe Drinking Water Act, R.R.S. 1943, 71-5301 et seq.

 

Sec. 15-52.  Sanitary sewer systems.

 

(a)   Facilities shall be provided and properly maintained for the collection and disposal or treatment and disposal of sewage from all mobile homes, service buildings and other facilities.  Where a public sewer system is available, all plumbing fixtures, building sewers and mobile home park sewers shall be connected thereto.  If a public sewer system is not available a private sewage disposal facility meeting state department of health and applicable local sewage disposal requirements shall be installed and all plumbing fixtures, building sewers and mobile home park sewers connected thereto.  Sewage shall not be deposited upon the surface of the ground.

 

(b)   Detailed plans and specifications shall be submitted to the state health department and the city for review and approval prior to the construction of a newly built sewage disposal facility or the alteration to an existing system.

 

(c)   The sewer lines shall be constructed in compliance with all ordinances and in accordance with the rules, regulations and standards governing mobile home parks as promulgated by the state department of health.

 

(d)   The sewer lines shall be constructed in compliance with the provisions of Article III of Chapter 26 of this Code.

 

(e)   Individual septic systems shall comply with the provisions of Article III of Chapter 26 of this Code. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-7

Cross reference--Sewers and sewage disposal, § 26-56 et seq.

 

Sec. 15-53.  Electrical requirements.

 

(a)   Each mobile home park shall comply with the provision of Article 550 of the National Electrical Code in force in the city.

 

(b)   Electrical equipment installed in a mobile home accessory building or structure shall comply with the applicable provisions of the National Electrical Code in force in the city. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, §§ 5-5-8, 5-5-9

Cross reference--Electricity generally, § 6-51 et seq.

 

Sec. 15-54.  Sanitary conditions.

 

(a)   The storage, collection, transportation and disposal of refuse, garbage and solid waste shall be so conducted as to not create unsanitary conditions, nuisances, rodent harborages, insect breeding areas, accident or fire hazards, or air pollution.

 

(b)   All refuse, garbage and solid waste shall be stored in fly-tight, watertight, rodent-proof containers which shall be maintained in clean condition and in good repair.

 

(c)   Containers shall be provided in sufficient number and capacity to properly store all refuse, garbage and solid waste.  Whether the licensee of the mobile home park or each occupant of a mobile home provides the container or containers depends entirely upon the internal rules of each mobile home park.

 

(d)   Garbage cans shall be located not farther than three hundred (300) feet from any mobile home space.

 

(e)   Waste from showers, bath tubs, flush toilets, urinals, lavatories, slop sinks and laundries in service and other buildings within the park shall be discharged into a public sewer system in compliance with applicable ordinances or into a private sewer and disposal plant or septic tank system of such construction and in such manner as will present no health hazard.

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-12

Cross reference--Garbage and trash, Ch. 10.

 

Sec. 15-55.  Insect and rodent control.

 

(a)   Grounds, buildings and structures shall be maintained free of insect breeding areas, rodent harborage and infestation of insects, rodents or vermin that transmit disease to humans.  All exterior openings of management buildings or other applicable structures shall be effectively screened or insects, rodents and vermin excluded by other effective means. 

 

Source:  Code 1962, § 5-5-13

 

The public information contained herein is furnished as a public service by the City of Norfolk. The official record is maintained by the City Clerk's Office as required by Neb. Rev. Stat. § 16-317. A printed version of the Norfolk Municipal Code is available at the City Clerk's Office and the Norfolk Public Library.

 

The City Clerk's Office may be contacted at (402) 844-2000 or by email bdeck@ci.norfolk.ne.us